Standard Abbreviations

” ~ inch(es)
( … ) ~ Repeat directions between ( ) as many times as indicated.  Used when directions within ** are repeated
* ~ repeat instructions following the single asterisk as written
** ~ repeat instructions following the asterisks as written
[ ] ~ work instructions within brackets however many times are written
Alt ~ alternate
Beg ~ begin/beginning
Bet ~ between
BO ~ bind off
CC ~ contrast color
Cm ~ centimeter(s)
Cn ~ cable needle
CO ~ cast on
Cont ~ continue
Dec ~ decrease/decreases/decreasing
Dpn ~ double pointed needle(s)
foll ~ follow/follows/following
inc ~ increase/increases/increasing
k or K ~ knit
k2tog ~ knit 2 stitches together
kfb ~ knit into front and back of stitch
KLL ~ Knit left leg increase – Using the left needle, pick up the left leg of the stitch two below the right needle, poking the needle from the back of the stitch to the front. Knit this stitch through the back leg. One stitch increased knitwise.
KRL ~ Knit right leg increase – Using the right needle, pick up the right leg of the stitch below the left needle. Place this stitch on the left needle, knit it through the front leg. One stitch increased knitwise.
kwise ~ knitwise
LH ~ left hand
lp(s) ~ loop(s)
M1p ~ make one purl stitch
M1 ~ make one stitch
M1L ~ Make 1 Left increase – Pick up the strand between the stitches from front to back. Knit through the back leg.
M1R ~ Make 1 Right increase – Pick up the strand between the stitches from back to front. Knit through the front leg.
MC ~ Main color
mm ~ Millimeter(s)
oz ~ ounce(s)
p or P ~ purl
p2tog ~ purl 2 stitches together
pat(s) or patt ~ pattern(s)
pfb ~ purl into front and back of stitch
PM ~ place marker
Psso ~ pass slipped stitch over
Pwise ~ purlwise
Rem ~ remain/remaining
Rep ~ repeat(s)
rev St st ~ reverse stockinette stitch
RH ~ right hand
rnd(s) ~ round(s)
RS ~ right side
Sk ~ skip
sk2p ~ slip 1, knit 2 together, pass slip stitch over the knit 2 together
Skp ~ slip, knit, pass stitch over
sl st ~ slip stitch(es)
Sl ~ Slip stitch, purlwise unless otherwise noted
sl1k ~ slip 1 knitwise
sl1p ~ slip 1 purlwise
ssk ~ slip, slip, knit these 2 stitches together
sssk ~ slip, slip, slip, knit 3 stitches together
St st ~ stockinette stitch
st(s) ~ stitch(es)
Tbl ~ through back loop
tog ~ together
WS ~ wrong side
Wyib ~ with yarn in back
Wyif ~ with yarn in front
yd(s) ~ yard(s)
yfwd ~ yarn forward
yo ~ yarn over


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